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USB-PLL-Adapter.php   20115 Bytes    02-02-2015 22:03:30


USB - PLL / DDS - Interface



Your nifty tool for development and repair. Useful for pll's, dds, almost anything 3-wire serial !


Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface



This tool was designed in collaboration with Uwe Kerwien from www.hobbyelektronik werkstatt.info. It shall help when troubleshooting or repairing PLL circuits who demand for serial programming. This USB Adapter bridges the gap between your notebook and the hardware on your surgical table :-)




Circuit




The circuit is straightforward. The UART - USB Adapter (based on the MCP2200) in alliance with an Atmega 8 handle the communication. Two leds indicate the status. The interface can be used as a Master (TALK) or as a Sniffer (LISTEN). On the left side, there are pins for clock, data and various enable signals. They have TTL level and can be connected directly to your PLL-system. Series resistors are used to protect the Atmega. Even Pins for I2C are foreseen, the current software version does not support it.





Firmware




The firmware was developped by Uwe Kerwien. The hex file for the Atmega 8 is available in the download section. Versions for AT90S2313 or ATtiny2313 are available on Uwe's website. The bridge uses 9600,8,N,1. The Configuration of the MCP2200 can be seen here.
Unfortunately Hyper Terminal is no longer part of Windows 7™ (and up). Ask Big G for an XP™ version of it.





Handling • Short - Manual




After power-on or reset (connect pin 5 + 6 of isp), the device outputs its status message. You are now able to enter a Command from the list below.


Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface


COMMAND

Mode : MASTER

Mode : MONITOR

Switches to Monitor.

Switches to Master.

Calls the Read function.

Switches Record on / off.

Calls the Clear function.
Buffer is emptied.

Calls the Clear function.
Buffer is emptied.

Calls the Store/Recall function.
Buffer is stored/loaded.

Calls the Store/Recall function.
Buffer is stored/loaded.

Calls the Send function

 

+

Calls the Setup

Calls the Setup






Switch between Monitor/Master



Pressing the M key switches between Monitor and Master. The interface will prompt it with the current status.

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface




Master Mode • Talk




In the Master mode, you can enter bit-rods, send and read them. Just enter 0 or 1 and the interface will prompt with :

input: 1_

You may continue enter your data. Use the Backspace or the Esc key to edit. At the end, specify which enable shall be used. A possible example may look like this :

input: 11100E2_

If you now press Enter, you data will be send using the specified enable and all what you defined in the Setup. In case the buffer is empty, the interface will display :

buffer empty!

As the data remains in the RAM, you may press Enter several times to send the data multiple times. In case there are more than one bit-rods in the buffer, pressing Enter will always send one, each time.




Monitor Mode • Listen




After power-on the device is always in Monitor mode. All lines are configured as high-z inputs. The interface does report :

3-wire bus interface V2.0 (c) Uwe Kerwien 2014
mode: monitor


Now the inputs are scanned. Depending on your settings, further output could look like this :

1011000111001100E1
11011000E2

This data is stored in the internal RAM as well as send via USB. If all data has been sent, internal memory will be cleared. The maximum size of a bit-rod is 255 bits. (Internal memory : 96 bits). In case you want to keep the data of the internal buffer, the Record functionality must be used. If you did so, you can use Store/Recall to permanently save it in the Eeprom - and then in Master mode, send it again. In case you switched the Record to on, the interface may prompt something like this :

record: 1011000111001100E1
record: 11011000E2

Now you may store the contents in the Eeprom (Store). Or you may switch to Master mode and send it again. The buffer may be deleted with Clear.





Read



According to your settings in the Setup, you may read a bitstream. You may cancel the action anytime with Esc. The interface wants to know how many bits to be read and what enable it shall use. A possible example may look like this :

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface





Record



The interface will (in Monitor mode) read and display everything what is going on at it's inputs. After it is transmitted via usb, the data will be deleted. In case you pressed R, the bitstream will be kept in the memory to be stored permanently S or just to be retransmitted. (Switch to Master). A possible example may look like this :

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface





Clear



Deletes the content of the buffer. We know that you guessed that already. Just for completeness.




  •  

Store / Recall



This command (Store) is used to store a bitstream (which is in the RAM) in the Eeprom of the Atmega. Recall copies contents from the Eeprom into the RAM. You may use Esc to cancel the action. The interface will go back into command mode, when done. A possible example may look like this :

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface

... it's still here ...

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface





Enter



Calls the Send function. A bitstream in the buffer will be send. The interface will reply with the transmitted sequence eg.: send 11100E2 or in case the buffer is empty with buffer empty !. If there are more sequences in the buffer, each time you press Enter, one will be send.




+

Setup



Here you may set the polarity / length of the bitstream which will be send. Press S,C,E,L as often as you like. When finished, press Enter or Esc. In case you pressed Enter, you may decide whether to Store or simply to Use those settings. Below are two examples to make things clear.

Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface


• ClockSET defines the value of the clock line when no programming occurs.
• ClockPOL defines if the data is read on the rising (0) or falling (1) edge.
• EnablePOL defines the polarity of the enable line when idle.
• EnableLEN defines the length of the enable signal. Latch-pulse or chipselect.


DDS Bitstängeli :-) DDS Bitstängeli :-)
ClockSET=1, ClockPOL=0, EnablePOL=1, EnableLEN=1 ClockSET=1, ClockPOL=0, EnablePOL=0, EnableLEN=0


Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface



The above is mainly a translation of Uwe's manual. You mayst want to read the german original on his website. (No, we do not compare traffic :-)





Example : Programming the AD9833




As the interface and its use with PLL's is detailed described on Uwe's website, we show here, how to use it with a dds. We use an AD9833 here, driven by a clock of 16.777216 MHz.

"The analog output from the AD9833 is fMCLK / 228 X FREQREG" [Datasheet, p.15]. If we slightly rearrange this formula, we get   FREQREG = frequency x 16 . (Now you see, why we have chosen such a strange MCLK - it is 224. This makes life and spectrum nice :-)

So, we just have to multiply our desired frequency with 16 and convert it into binary form.
[e.g.] 1.0 MHz will result in 16'000'000 (Hz) equals 0b111101000010010000000000.

In order to get an 28 bit number, some zeros have to be inserted, as frequency registers are 28 bits wide. This number is then split into two 14 bit numbers, which are programmed in two steps (three, if you also count the control word).

[0] 0b0010000000000000, Control word write (D15, D14 = 00), B28 (D13) = 1, HLB (D12) = X
[1] 0b0110010000000000, FREQ0 register write (D15, D14 = 01), 14 LSBs
[2] 0b0100001111010000, FREQ0 register write (D15, D14 = 01), 14 MSBs

From the Datasheet [p.6], we know that "Data is clocked into the AD9833 on each falling edge of SCLK". Figure 4 (Serial Timing) on page 4 gives information about the FSYNC (Enable) of the device. We can therefore determine our four control bits as follows :

ClockSET = 1

ClockPOL = 1

EnablePOL = 1

EnableLEN = 1



Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface


Micro-Projects • Tools : USB - PLL Interface

❶ Enable, ❷ Clock, ❸ Data.
Any resemblance to the last line in the picture above is purely coincidental on purpose.




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t1 = 3881 d

t2 = 391 ms

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