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calc_20.php   12962 Bytes    16-07-2014 00:20:24


DIELECTRIC COAXIAL RESONATOR




Dielectric Coaxial Resonator

Fig 1: Dielectric Coaxial Resonators



Coaxial line elements can be used below resonance to simulate high-Q , temperature stable, compact inductors. More precisely, shorted coax lines will exhibit an inductive reactance when used below quarter-wave resonance and will aproximate the behaviour of an ideal inductance or coil over a limited frequency range. As the operating frequency approaches the SRF (Self Resonance Frequency) the approximtion will be less valid. An exact equivalent circuit is complex and would include parasitic elements resulting
from a transition from the printed circuit board.



Inductivity vs frequency

Fig 2: Inductance of coaxial resonators versus operating frequency.
[Siemens Matsushita Components]




MEASURE DATA OF DIELECTRIC RESONATOR



Similiar to the approach on Designing Crystal Filters we need an adapter which
can be easily made of a piece of FR-4 and a milling cutter.



Dielectric Coaxial Resonator Measurement Adapter

Fig 3: Schematics of Measurement Adapter
[Siemens Matsushita Components]



Dielectric Coaxial Resonator Measurement Adapter

Fig 4: Realised Circuit of Measurement Adapter



Set the Networkanalyser (or Spectrum Analyser with Tracking generator or
whatever you use) to maximum Span. Somewhere a drop will be observed.
Zoom in to measure the Frequency and the 3dB Bandwidth. Our 'unknown Device'
produced something like that on the Picture below:



Measure S21 DCR

Fig 5: Frequency Response, measured with R&S FSP



From the measurement above we know : fcenter = 1116.8 MHz,
BW(3dB) = 2.88 MHz
Therefore we calculate the Q as :



Formula Q

... in our case Q = 388

In order to know more about this DCR we need to take measurements.
The Picture below shows what to measure.

... and the table below shows what we measured at our device ...



DCR Dimensionen

Fig 6: Geometry of Dielectric Coaxial Resonator


 DIMENSION

 LENGTH [mm]

 LENGTH [l]

 7.20

 WIDTH [w]

 6.10

 INNER DIAMETER [d]

 2.60



RELATIVE PERMITTIVITY OF MATERIAL : Εr



With the knowledge of the Dimensions we may calculate the relative
permittivity of the ceramic Material.

x = 4 for λ/4 (shorted at the end) or x = 2 for λ/2 (end plane not conducting)
c = speed of light, 3 * 108 m/s
f0 = Centerfreq. (measured above)
l = Length



Formula Epsilon

... in our case Εr = 86.997



CHARACTERISTIC IMPEDANCE : Z0



µr : relative magnetic permeability of the material, here : µr = 1
w : width of resonator
d : internal diameter of resonator
g : geometric factor, here : g = 1.07



Formula Z

... in our case Z0 = 5.9748 Ω



CALCULATING THE DATA OF THE EQUIVALENT NETWORK



Ersatzschaltung

Fig 7: Equivalent Network
[Siemens Matsushita Components]



Formula L Formula C Formula R

... in our case :



 PART

 VALUE

 Resistor [Ω]

 2949.9

 Inductor [nH]

 1.048

 Capacitor [pF]

 18.733





CALCULATE DATA OF DIELECTRIC RESONATOR

Length λ/4 (end shorted)





f0 [MHz]

Bandwidth [MHz]  

Dimension l [mm]  

Dimension w [mm]  

Dimension d [mm]  

   

 
   

Q  

Relative Permittivity Εr  

R [Ω]  

L [nH]  

C [pF]  

Z [Ω]  





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t1 = 3913 d

t2 = 570 ms

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