This is the advanced version of the simple Curve Tracer.
It offers a current limiter, and a base/gate Driving Section.
The Device uses 3 transformers to generate 4 AC voltages and 3 DC voltages.
The 4 AC voltages are in series, and a switch selects between
0 - 20 - 40 - 60 - 80 V. This voltages is rectified and then passes a current
limiter which may be adjusted from 5 mA to 50 mA.
The design is straightforward, the main focus was on easy design. Of course,
an LM-10 would have a lower voltage drop, but the cost is 10 times higher :-(
It follows a relais to switch the polarity. (NPN or PNP).
This voltage is then applied to the collector or drain of the transistor.
This voltages also is the [HORIZONTAL DEFL.]
A shunt (R23,10Ω) in connection with an 10x amplifier (IC2a) amplifies
the voltage drop at the shunt to give a 100mV / 1mA reading. [VERTICAL DEFL.]
The 3rd transformer is used to generate an impulse to trigger the counter
(74HC191) which counts from 0 to 7. The output of this counter forms with an
R2R-network a staircase which is amplified to 7 Vpp. (adjusted with R20).
This staircase is inverted with IC6a and another relais switches between the
polarity (NPN or PNP). In case a fet is to be analysed, a switch selects
between 0.5 V/DIV and 1.0 V/DIV.
In case a bipolar transitor is to be analysed, a voltage controlled current
source generates the drive current. This is done by IC6c,d.
The 3rd transformer also generates the supply voltages of -12V, +5V, +12V.
Measurement / Handling
The handling is almost self explanatory. In this section we will show some
measurents and how to obtain them.
Example 1 • BY 228 Diode
Example 2 • Resistor
Example 3 • Varistor EPCOS S20K30
... behaves like a capacity below switching voltage is reached ...
Example 4 • Capacitor 100µF
... capacitor is charged to about 18 V ...
Example 5 • Transformer, primary
Example 6 • BC141-16
Base Drive : 10µA, 40V, 5mA
I get a lot of emails concerning R8.
R8 is used to define the current for BJT's.
IC4 together with the R2R Network produce a staircase waveform.
With R10 this can be adjusted to 1V/step.
IC6d and IC6c generate a current. (I=U/R)
You can use any switch you have.
I used one with seven positions to generate a Base Drive of
10-20-50-100-200-500-1000 microAmp /DIV
Therefore I used the following Resistors: