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Wien Bridge Oscillator


Sinewave Oscillator from Max Wien, 1891



This Oscillator was designed as a test oscillator for an amplifier. Due to the good- natured behaviour, we made yet another website about this oscillator.



Wien Bridge Oscillator



CALCULATOR

Frequency [kHz]  
 
C [nF]  
 
R [kΩ]
 


Note: R2 = R3 = R, C1 = C2 = C




Downloads








Performance




After Calibration the amplitude was stable within some few percent (over the frequency range). The picture on the left shows the version with two antiparallel diodes (1N4148), whilst the one on the right side uses two 5.1 V Z-diodes (antiseries) to stabilise the amplitude. Please note the difference in amplitude, caused by the different diodes !


Wien Bridge Oscillator Wien Bridge Oscillator


Both versions covered the calculated range of 300 Hz ... 3 kHz without any tuning or optimisation. From the graphs it is clearly visible, that harmonic distortion takes place. If it starts becoming visible , a THD of 1% is a good assumption (Klirrfaktor).

That's the place, where Bill Hewlett's idea of using a light bulb for amplitude stabilisation kicks in. In his Master Thesis (late 1930's, Stanford University) he proposed this idea for the first time. (We know what happened after :-)

VARIABLE FREQUENCY OSCILLATION GENERATOR, US PATENT 2268872




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t1 = 6585 d

t2 = 229 ms

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